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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of heat shock proteins by hyperglycemic cerebral ischemia.

Hyperglycemia worsens the neuronal death induced by cerebral ischemia. A previous study demonstrated that diabetic hyperglycemia suppressed the expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in the liver. The objective of this study is to determine whether hyperglycemia exacerbates ischemic brain damage by suppressing the expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in the brain. Both normoglycemic and hyperglycemic rats were subjected to a transient global cerebral ischemia of 15 min and followed by 0.5, 1 and 3 h of reperfusion. The expression of stress-related genes and levels of HSP proteins were determined by DNA microarray, immunocytochemistry and Western blot analyses. The results showed that hyperglycemic ischemia upregulated the expressions of hsp70, hsp90A, hsp90B, heat shock cognate 71 kD protein (hsc70) and mthsp70. Protein levels of HSP70 and HSP60 were enhanced by hyperglycemia compared with normoglycemia. The results suggested that hyperglycemia-exacerbated ischemic brain damage is not mediated by the suppression of the HSPs. The increased levels of HSPs and mthsp70 suggest that the cell and the mitochondrion had strong stress responses to hyperglycemic ischemia.[1]


  1. Induction of heat shock proteins by hyperglycemic cerebral ischemia. Muranyi, M., He, Q.P., Fong, K.S., Li, P.A. Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
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