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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Electrochemical mutagen screening using microbial chip.

Electrochemical microbial chip for mutagen screening were microfabricated and characterized by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). Salmonella typhimurium TA1535 with a plasmid pSK1002 carrying a umuC'-'lacZ fusion gene was used for the whole cell mutagen sensor. The TA1535/pSK1002 cells were exposed to mutagen solutions containing 2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acrylamido (AF-2), mitomycin C (MMC) or 2-aminoanthracene (2-AA) and embedded in a microcavity (5nl) on a glass substrate using collagen gel. The beta-galactosidase expression on the microbial chip was electrochemically monitored using p-aminophenyl-beta-d-galactopyranoside (PAPG) as the enzymatic substrate. This system has several advantages compared with the conventional umu test: drastic reduction of the sample volume, less time-consuming for beta-galactosidase detection (free from substrate reaction time) and lower detection limit for the three mutagens (AF-2, MMC, 2-AA). Finally, a multi-sample assay was carried out using the microbial array chip with four microcavities.[1]


  1. Electrochemical mutagen screening using microbial chip. Matsui, N., Kaya, T., Nagamine, K., Yasukawa, T., Shiku, H., Matsue, T. Biosensors & bioelectronics. (2006) [Pubmed]
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