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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The atheroprotective effect of 17beta-estradiol depends on complex interactions in adaptive immunity.

Estradiol prevents fatty streak formation in chow-fed atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-deficient mice. We previously reported that fatty streak development of immunodeficient ApoE(-/-)/recombination activating gene 2 (RAG-2(-/-)) double-deficient mice was insensitive to estradiol. In the present work, we demonstrate that the reconstitution of ApoE(-/-)/RAG-2(-/-) with bone marrow from immunocompetent ApoE(-/-)/RAG-2(+/+) mice restores the protective effect of estradiol on fatty streak constitution. We extended this demonstration to the model of low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice, establishing the obligatory role of mature lymphocytes in this process. We then investigated whether the protective effect of estradiol was mediated by a specific lymphocyte subpopulation by studying the hormonal effect on fatty streak constitution in recently developed models of ApoE(-/-) mice deficient in selective T-lymphocyte subsets (either TCRalphabeta+, CD4+, CD8+, or TCRgammadelta+ lymphocytes) or B lymphocytes. In all these specifically immunodeficient mice, estradiol administration to ovariectomized mice conferred protection as in immunocompetent ApoE(-/-) mice, clearly demonstrating that no single lymphocyte subpopulation was specifically required for this effect. These results point to additional lymphocyte-dependent mechanisms such as modulating the interactions among lymphocytes and between lymphocytes and endothelial and/or antigen-presenting cells.[1]


  1. The atheroprotective effect of 17beta-estradiol depends on complex interactions in adaptive immunity. Elhage, R., Gourdy, P., Jawien, J., Brouchet, L., Castano, C., Fievet, C., Hansson, G.K., Arnal, J.F., Bayard, F. Am. J. Pathol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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