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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphatidylcholine transfer protein regulates size and hepatic uptake of high-density lipoproteins.

Phosphatidylcholine transfer protein (PC-TP) is a steroidogenic acute regulatory-related transfer domain protein that is enriched in liver cytosol and binds phosphatidylcholines with high specificity. In tissue culture systems, PC-TP promotes ATP- binding cassette protein A1- mediated efflux of cholesterol and phosphatidylcholine molecules as nascent pre-beta-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles. Here, we explored a role for PC-TP in HDL metabolism in vivo utilizing 8-wk-old male Pctp(-/-) and wild-type littermate C57BL/6J mice that were fed for 7 days with either chow or a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet. In chow-fed mice, neither plasma cholesterol concentrations nor the concentrations and compositions of plasma phospholipids were influenced by PC-TP expression. However, in Pctp(-/-) mice, there was an accumulation of small alpha-migrating HDL particles. This occurred without changes in hepatic expression of ATP-binding cassette protein A1 or in proteins that regulate the intravascular metabolism and clearance of HDL particles. In Pctp(-/-) mice fed the high-fat/high-cholesterol diet, HDL particle sizes were normalized, whereas plasma cholesterol and phospholipid concentrations were increased compared with wild-type mice. In the absence of upregulation of hepatic ATP-binding cassette protein A1, reduced HDL uptake from plasma into livers of Pctp(-/-) mice contributed to higher plasma lipid concentrations. These data indicate that PC-TP is not essential for the enrichment of HDL with phosphatidylcholines but that it does modulate particle size and rates of hepatic clearance.[1]


  1. Phosphatidylcholine transfer protein regulates size and hepatic uptake of high-density lipoproteins. Wu, M.K., Cohen, D.E. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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