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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

IkappaB kinase alpha regulates subcellular distribution and turnover of cyclin D1 by phosphorylation.

IkappaB kinases (IKKs), IKKalpha and IKKbeta, with a regulatory subunit IKKgamma/NEMO constitute a high molecular weight IKK complex that regulates NF-kappaB activity. Although IKKalpha and IKKbeta share structural and biochemical similarities, IKKalpha has been shown to have distinct biological roles. Here we show that IKKalpha plays a critical role in regulating cyclin D1 during the cell cycle. Analysis of IKKalpha-/- mouse embryo fibroblast cells showed that cyclin D1 is overexpressed and localized in the nucleus compared with parental mouse embryo fibroblasts. IKKalpha associates with and phosphorylates cyclin D1. Analysis on cyclin D1 mutants demonstrated that IKKalpha phosphorylates cyclin D1 at Thr286. Reconstitution of IKKalpha in knockout cells leads to nuclear export and increased degradation of cyclin D1. Further, RNAi-mediated knockdown of IKKalpha results in similar changes as observed in IKKalpha-/- cells. These results suggest a novel role of IKKalpha in regulating subcellular localization and proteolysis of cyclin D1 by phosphorylation of cyclin D1 at Thr286, the same residue earlier found to be a target for glycogen synthase kinase-3beta-induced phosphorylation.[1]


  1. IkappaB kinase alpha regulates subcellular distribution and turnover of cyclin D1 by phosphorylation. Kwak, Y.T., Li, R., Becerra, C.R., Tripathy, D., Frenkel, E.P., Verma, U.N. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
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