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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of Op18/stathmin as a potential target of ASK1-p38 MAP kinase cascade.

Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase kinase that activates the JNK and p38 MAP kinase cascades and has a broad range of biological activities including cell differentiation and stress-induced apoptosis. However, effector molecules of ASK1-MAP kinase cascades that exert such activities have not been fully identified. Here we have identified oncoprotein 18 (Op18)/stathmin as a potential target of the ASK1-p38 cascade. By two-dimensional electrophoresis, phosphorylation of Op18/stathmin was found to be increased upon the expression of constitutively active ASK1 (ASK1DeltaN) in PC12 cells. The ASK1-dependent increase in the phosphorylation of Op18/stathmin was attenuated by the treatment with SB203580, suggesting that p38alpha and/or p38beta contribute to the phosphorylation of Op18/stathmin. Consistently, we found that all four isoforms of p38 directly phosphorylated Op18/stathmin primarily at serine 25 in vitro. Taken together with the quantitative RT-PCR data indicating that p38alpha was the dominantly expressed isoform in PC12 cells, ASK1-induced phosphorylation of Op18/stathmin appears to be mediated mainly through p38alpha in these cells. Given that the microtubule-destabilizing activity of Op18/stathmin is regulated by its phosphorylation, the ASK1-p38 cascade may regulate microtubule dynamics through Op18/stathmin.[1]


  1. Identification of Op18/stathmin as a potential target of ASK1-p38 MAP kinase cascade. Mizumura, K., Takeda, K., Hashimoto, S., Horie, T., Ichijo, H. J. Cell. Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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