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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Arginase I induction during Leishmania major infection mediates the development of disease.

In a previous work, we demonstrated that the induction of arginase I favored the replication of Leishmania inside macrophages. Now we have analyzed the differential expression of this enzyme in the mouse model of L. major infection. Ours results show that arginase I is induced in both susceptible and resistant mice during the development of the disease. However, in BALB/c-infected tissues, the induction of this protein parallels the time of infection, while in C57BL/6 mice, the enzyme is upregulated only during footpad swelling. The induction of the host arginase in both strains is mediated by the balance between interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-12 and opposite to nitric oxide synthase II expression. Moreover, inhibition of arginase reduces the number of parasites and delays disease outcome in BALB/c mice, while treatment with l-ornithine increases the susceptibility of C57BL/6 mice. Therefore, arginase I induction could be considered a marker of disease in leishmaniasis.[1]


  1. Arginase I induction during Leishmania major infection mediates the development of disease. Iniesta, V., Carcelén, J., Molano, I., Peixoto, P.M., Redondo, E., Parra, P., Mangas, M., Monroy, I., Campo, M.L., Nieto, C.G., Corraliza, I. Infect. Immun. (2005) [Pubmed]
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