The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of the mitochondrion in cellular iron homeostasis.

The yeast ATM1 protein is essential for normal mitochondrial iron homeostasis. Deletion of ATM1 results in mitochondrial iron accumulation and oxidative mitochondrial damage. Mutations in ABC7, the human homolog of ATM1, result in X-linked sideroblastic anemia and ataxia. Here we show that a deletion of ATM1 also has effects on extra-mitochondrial iron metabolism. ATM1-deficient cells have an increased iron requirement for growth. When grown in iron-rich medium, mutant cells accumulate excess mitochondrial iron and have increased expression of the genes required for both high and low affinity iron uptake. Thus, ATM1 mutant cells simultaneously demonstrate features of both iron overload and iron starvation. Yfh1p is the yeast homolog of the human frataxin protein, which is deficient in Friedreich's ataxia. As in atm1 cells, a yfh1 deletion results in both mitochondrial iron accumulation and cytosolic iron starvation. In spite of their apparent roles in cellular iron homeostasis, we find that the expression of neither ATM1 nor YFH1 is responsive to cellular iron status. Based on these observations, we propose a model in which cellular iron is prioritized for use by the mitochondrion, and available to the remainder of the cell only after mitochondrial needs have been fulfilled.[1]


  1. The role of the mitochondrion in cellular iron homeostasis. Schueck, N.D., Woontner, M., Koeller, D.M. Mitochondrion (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities