The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Epidermal growth factor stimulation of trophoblast differentiation requires MAPK11/14 ( p38 MAP kinase) activation.

Cultured human term villous cytotrophoblasts (CT) have been reported to be nonproliferating but differentiate when exposed to epidermal growth factor (EGF). Here we show that CT differentiate into chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG/CGB)-expressing cells when cultured with medium alone. The addition of EGF decreases CGB secretion and prolongs production for up to 13 days. EGF stimulates the phosphorylation (activation) of the signaling intermediate p38 (MAPK11/14), and blocking phosphorylation pharmacologically with either SB203580 or SB202190 strongly inhibited spontaneous and EGF- stimulated secretion of CGB. In addition, EGF-stimulated fusion of cytotrophoblasts into syncytial units was strongly inhibited by SB203580. EGF upregulated trophoblast proliferation (measured by bromodeoxyuridine uptake) and SB203580 increased this proliferation after 5 days. In agreement with these observations, EGF and SB203580 increased expression of the G1-phase-specific gene cyclin-D1 (CCND1) and SB203580 downmodulated its inhibitor p21 (CDKN1A). When added to villous explant cultures, EGF did nothing to the pattern of CGB secretion, but addition of SB203580 prevented the normal surge in secretion during syncytial regeneration over Days 3-7. These data support the hypothesis that EGF- stimulated cytotrophoblast differentiation to syncytium requires MAPK11/14 activation, and that cytotrophoblast proliferation can be stimulated in culture by EGF and enhanced by MAPK11/14 inhibition with a consequent reduction of differentiation.[1]


  1. Epidermal growth factor stimulation of trophoblast differentiation requires MAPK11/14 (p38 MAP kinase) activation. Johnstone, E.D., Sibley, C.P., Lowen, B., Guilbert, L.J. Biol. Reprod. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities