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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Plasmodesmal-associated protein kinase in tobacco and Arabidopsis recognizes a subset of non-cell-autonomous proteins.

Cell-to-cell communication in plants involves the trafficking of macromolecules through specialized intercellular organelles, termed plasmodesmata. This exchange of proteins and RNA is likely regulated, and a role for protein phosphorylation has been implicated, but specific components remain to be identified. Here, we describe the molecular characterization of a plasmodesmal-associated protein kinase (PAPK). A 34-kD protein, isolated from a plasmodesmal preparation, exhibits calcium-independent kinase activity and displays substrate specificity in that it recognizes a subset of viral and endogenous non-cell-autonomous proteins. This PAPK specifically phosphorylates the C-terminal residues of tobacco mosaic virus movement protein (TMV MP); this posttranslational modification has been shown to affect MP function. Molecular analysis of purified protein established that tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) PAPK is a member of the casein kinase I family. Subcellular localization studies identified a possible Arabidopsis thaliana PAPK homolog, PAPK1. TMV MP and PAPK1 are colocalized within cross-walls in a pattern consistent with targeting to plasmodesmata. Moreover, Arabidopsis PAPK1 also phosphorylates TMV MP in vitro at its C terminus. These results strongly suggest that Arabidopsis PAPK1 is a close homolog of tobacco PAPK. Thus, PAPK1 represents a novel plant protein kinase that is targeted to plasmodesmata and may play a regulatory role in macromolecular trafficking between plant cells.[1]


  1. Plasmodesmal-associated protein kinase in tobacco and Arabidopsis recognizes a subset of non-cell-autonomous proteins. Lee, J.Y., Taoka, K., Yoo, B.C., Ben-Nissan, G., Kim, D.J., Lucas, W.J. Plant Cell (2005) [Pubmed]
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