The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Effects of 17beta-estradiol, 4-nonylphenol and PCB 126 on the estrogenic activity and phase 1 and 2 biotransformation enzymes in male sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax).

The endocrine system of wildlife is exposed to a wide variety of natural and man-made chemicals which may lead to damage to the reproductive system and other adverse effects, including alteration of drug-metabolizing enzymes. In the present study, the effects of in vivo exposure to a natural (17beta-estradiol: E2) or a xenoestrogen (4-nonylphenol: NP) estrogen or an anti-estrogen (3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl: PCB 126) upon vitellogenin (VTG) synthesis and hepatic phase 1 and 2 enzymes have been investigated in adult male sea bass. By means of ELISA analysis with the use of polyclonal antibodies prepared against VTG purified from E2-treated sea bass, we assessed the time course and sensitivity of VTG induction in the plasma of sea bass treated with E2 at 0.1, 0.5, 2.5 and 5.0 mg/kg doses or NP at 5.0 or 50 mg/kg doses, respectively. Sea bass sensitivity to this induction was found to be similar to that of other fish species, but with a delay in maximal response. E2 treatment also caused a selective time- and dose-dependent inhibition of hepatic CYP1A-linked EROD and phase 2 glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities, without affecting the activity of CYP3A-linked 6beta-testosterone hydroxylase, (omega)- and (omega-1)-lauric acid hydroxylases or phase 2 DT-diaphorase. A similar selective inhibition on CYP1A was also observed in fish treated with 50 mg/kg NP. The results regarding CYP1A and CYP3A were also confirmed by Western blot analysis. When the sea bass were treated with either 10 or 100 microg/kg PCB 126, an AhR ligand not yet tested in vivo in fish to assess its anti-estrogenicity, a modest and selective induction of EROD and DT-diaphorase activities was observed. Interestingly, both these activities were recovered to their control levels in sea bass co-treated with 0.5 mg/kg E2 and 10 or 100 microg/kg PCB 126, probably through a cross-talk mechanism between the estrogen receptor and AhR or other transcription factors that regulate the expression of these enzymes. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that PCB 126 possesses a potent anti-estrogenic activity in the sea bass in vivo as it inhibited the E2-induced VTG synthesis with an IC50 of 28 microg/kg. The results of this study suggest that the exposure of fish to xenoestrogens or anti-estrogens may alter, in addition to various physiological processes, the expression of specific CYPs and phase 2 enzymes, thereby reducing the capability of their detoxication system.[1]

References

  1. Effects of 17beta-estradiol, 4-nonylphenol and PCB 126 on the estrogenic activity and phase 1 and 2 biotransformation enzymes in male sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Vaccaro, E., Meucci, V., Intorre, L., Soldani, G., Di Bello, D., Longo, V., Gervasi, P.G., Pretti, C. Aquat. Toxicol. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities