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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Iodophenylarsine oxide and arsenical affinity chromatography: new probes for dithiol proteins. Application to tubulins and to components of the insulin receptor-glucose transporter signal transduction pathway.

In our studies of the effects of the trivalent arsenical phenylarsine oxide on insulin-dependent hexose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, we needed direct methods to study arsenical-protein interactions. In this report, we describe two such new tools. The first is the radiolabeled covalent affinity reagent 4-[125I]iodophenylarsine oxide. This compound has effects on 3T3-L1 adipocytes similar to those of phenylarsine oxide both with respect to effects of hexose uptake and the accumulation of pp15, a phosphotyrosine-containing putative mediator of insulin action. Iodophenylarsine oxide labels numerous proteins in intact cells in a concentration-dependent, but apparently insulin-independent fashion. The second tool is trivalent arsenical affinity chromatography, which we use to show novel direct interactions between trivalent arsenicals and several proteins from 3T3-L1 adipocytes including the insulin-responsive glucose transporter GLUT4, the insulin proreceptor, and both the alpha and beta subunits of tubulin. The non-insulin-dependent glucose transporter GLUT1, the mature insulin receptor, and the fatty acid-binding protein 422(aP2) do not show strong interactions with arsenical resin. These results provide a new chemical approach to the study of both insulin-dependent hexose transport and tubulin function.[1]


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