The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gene clusters involved in anaerobic benzoate degradation of Geobacter metallireducens.

The degradation of aromatic compounds follows different biochemical principles in aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. While aerobes dearomatize and cleave the aromatic ring by oxygenases, facultative anaerobes utilize an ATP-dependent ring reductase for the dearomatization of the activated key intermediate benzoyl-coenzyme A (CoA). In this work, the aromatic metabolism was studied in the obligately anaerobic model organism Geobacter metallireducens. The gene coding for a putative carboxylic acid-CoA ligase was heterologously overexpressed and the gene product was characterized as a highly specific benzoate-CoA ligase catalysing the initial step of benzoate metabolism. However, no evidence for the presence of an ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase as observed in facultative anaerobes was obtained. In a proteomic approach benzoate-induced proteins were identified; the corresponding genes are organized in two clusters comprising 44 genes. Induction of representative genes during growth on benzoate was confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The results obtained suggest that benzoate is activated to benzoyl-CoA, which is then reductively dearomatized to cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carbonyl-CoA, followed by beta-oxidation reactions to acetyl-CoA units, as in facultatively anaerobic bacteria. However, in G. metallireducens the process of reductive benzene ring dearomatization appears to be catalysed by a set of completely different protein components comprising putative molybdenum and selenocysteine containing enzymes.[1]


  1. Gene clusters involved in anaerobic benzoate degradation of Geobacter metallireducens. Wischgoll, S., Heintz, D., Peters, F., Erxleben, A., Sarnighausen, E., Reski, R., Van Dorsselaer, A., Boll, M. Mol. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities