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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYP2E1 and CYP4B1 in cultured transitional cells from specimens of the human urinary tract and from urinary sediments.

Expression of cytochromes P450 CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYP2E1 and CYP4B1 was analysed on the transcript level in human urothelial cells obtained by various methods. As a source of urothelial cells, exfoliated cells in urine samples were used. Their expression profiles were determined either immediately after centrifugal enrichment (n=4) or after their cultivation and propagation (n=8). Another source of urothelial cells were ureter specimens from surgical subjects (n=4). Generally, expression was most prominent for CYP1B1 and CYP4B1 among the CYP transcripts analysed. CYP1B1 mRNA was detected in all samples investigated except for one ureter specimen. CYP4B1 mRNA was present in cell cultures from three out of eight healthy subjects, in three out of four directly investigated urinary sediments and in the cells of all five ureter specimens of four donors investigated after resection and subsequent cell culture. In most cases, CYP2E1 transcript levels were lower than those of CYP1B1 and CYP4B1. CYP2E1 mRNA was detected in cell cultures of six out of eight healthy subjects, in one out of four urinary sediments and in three out of five ureter specimens. CYP1A1 mRNA was clearly observed only in cells from resected ureters. In cell cultures the relative mRNA expression levels varied with subjects interindividually, intraindividually and also during the time of cell culture. The study demonstrates constitutive mRNA expressions of xenobiotic metabolising CYP enzymes in human urothelial cells obtained by different methods. In particular, transcripts of CYP1B1 and CYP4B1 are present, coding for enzymes which are active in the metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and arylamines, respectively.[1]


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