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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Permeability of dialyzer membranes to TNF alpha-inducing substances derived from water bacteria.

Pro-inflammatory cytokine-inducing substances derived from cultured E. coli have previously been shown to pass across low-flux regenerated cellulosic dialyzer membranes. In the present study, a sterile filtrate of Pseudomonas maltophilia grown from standard bicarbonate dialysis fluid was used to test the permeability of various dialyzer membranes (regenerated cellulose, cellulose triacetate, polyacrylonitrile, polysulfone and polyamide) to TNF alpha-inducing bacterial substances. Pyrogen-free tissue culture medium (MEM) was recirculated for 60 minutes in the dialysate compartment of a closed-loop dialysis system, then P. maltophilia filtrate was added and recirculation was continued for a further hour. Samples from the dialysate (MEM) and the blood side (containing 10% human plasma in MEM) were incubated with donor mononuclear cells (MNC) for 18 hours and TNF alpha release was measured in MNC supernatants by radioimmunoassay. Five minutes after the addition of P. maltophilia filtrate, mean TNF alpha-inducing activity in the dialysate increased from (mean +/- SEM) 0.10 +/- 0.02 to 18.2 +2- 1.5 (ng/2.5 x 10(6) MNC/18 hr). TNF alpha-inducing activity in the blood side increased with regenerated cellulose from 0.10 +/- 0.01 to 4.57 +/- 1.55 (N = 8; P less than 0.001); with cellulose triacetate from 0.20 +/- 0.05 to 0.44 +/- 0.10 (N = 5; P less than 0.05), and with polyacrylonitrile from 0.10 +/- 0.02 to 1.16 +/- 0.45 (N = 5; P less than 0.03). No increased TNF alpha-inducing activity was observed in the blood side of polysulfone (N = 5) or polyamide dialyzers (N = 5).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Permeability of dialyzer membranes to TNF alpha-inducing substances derived from water bacteria. Lonnemann, G., Behme, T.C., Lenzner, B., Floege, J., Schulze, M., Colton, C.K., Koch, K.M., Shaldon, S. Kidney Int. (1992) [Pubmed]
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