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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Limited degradation of chlorophenols by anaerobic sludge granules.

To better understand the fate of chlorophenols treated in upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactors, we examined the ability of sludge granules from such bioreactors to degrade two trichlorophenols and one dichlorophenol in batch incubations under controlled conditions. Biodegradation was primarily limited to two distinct activities, reductive dehalogenation of ortho- and of meta-chlorine substituents. Both 3- and 4-monochlorophenol were persistent degradation products, while 2-monochlorophenol was further degraded. We also examined factors potentially affecting the rate and extent of 2,3,6-trichlorophenol degradation. An initial concentration of up to 1.75 mM (346 mg/liter) was dehalogenated. At that concentration, dehalogenation was partially inhibited but methanogenesis from formate was not. The initial concentration affected both the extent of dehalogenation and which products were detected. The maximum dechlorination rate observed was 1.4 mumol of Cl- h-1 g of volatile suspended solids-1. Dechlorination had a temperature optimum of 50 degrees C, was inhibited by added electron acceptors, and was not appreciably affected by added electron donors. The availability of electron acceptors and electron donors did not affect the extent of chlorophenol degradation. These particular sludge granules do not appear to be capable of mineralizing phenols with meta- or para-chlorine substituents.[1]


  1. Limited degradation of chlorophenols by anaerobic sludge granules. Mohn, W.W., Kennedy, K.J. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1992) [Pubmed]
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