The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Requirement of type I interferon signaling for arthritis triggered by double-stranded RNA.

OBJECTIVE: Arthralgias and overt arthritides are often associated with viral infections. Viral infections expose the infected host to proinflammatory double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), which can cause joint inflammation and is a potent activator of interferon-alpha (IFNalpha). The aim of this study was to determine the role of IFNalpha and dsRNA-related signaling molecules in the onset of joint inflammation induced by viral dsRNA. METHODS: IFNalpha and different forms of RNA were injected into the knee joints of wild-type mice, mice lacking the type I interferon receptor (IFNAR(-/-)), and mice deficient in dsRNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR(-/-)). Histologic evidence of joint damage and the ability of splenocytes to produce cytokines in response to dsRNA or IFNalpha were assessed. RESULTS: Viral dsRNA, but not short single-stranded RNA, induced arthritis. The arthritis was aggravated by intracellular delivery of dsRNA. The expression of PKR was not mandatory for dsRNA-induced joint inflammation. In contrast, IFNalpha/beta signaling was important for dsRNA-induced joint inflammation because IFNAR(-/-) mice did not develop arthritis. Furthermore, intraarticular deposition of IFNalpha induced arthritis in PKR(-/-) and control mice, whereas IFNAR(-/-) mice were protected. The arthritogenic effect of IFNalpha was attenuated by in vivo depletion of monocyte/macrophages. CONCLUSION: Arthritis triggered by dsRNA is not dependent on the expression of the dsRNA-signaling molecule PKR (or Toll-like receptor 3, as previously shown), but is associated with the ability to produce type I IFN and is critically dependent on type I IFN receptor signaling. The intrinsic arthritogenic properties of IFNalpha implicate a role of this cytokine in joint manifestations triggered by various interferogenic stimuli.[1]


  1. Requirement of type I interferon signaling for arthritis triggered by double-stranded RNA. Magnusson, M., Zare, F., Tarkowski, A. Arthritis Rheum. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities