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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Human muscarinic receptor binding characteristics of antimuscarinic agents to treat overactive bladder.

PURPOSE: We characterized the binding affinities of several antimuscarinic agents in human muscarinic receptors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Competitive inhibitory effects of antimuscarinic agents on specific NMS [H] (PerkinElmer Life Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts) binding were examined in human tissue homogenates and in CHO-K1 cell membranes expressing human muscarinic receptor subtypes. RESULTS: Oxybutynin, propiverine, tolterodine, the respective metabolites DEOB, DPr-P-4(N-->O) and 5-HM, and darifenacin inhibited in concentration dependent fashion specific [(3)H]NMS binding in homogenates of the human bladder and parotid gland as well as in membranes of CHO-K1 cell lines expressing human muscarinic M(1) to M(5) receptor subtypes. Based on inhibition constant values the inhibitory effects of tolterodine, 5-HM and DPr-P-4(N-->O) were 1.4 to 1.7 times greater in the bladder than in the parotid gland, whereas the inhibitory effects of oxybutynin, DEOB, propiverine and darifenacin were 2 to 10 times greater in the parotid gland. Consequently tolterodine, 5-HM and DPr-P-4(N-->O) compared with oxybutynin, DEOB, propiverine and darifenacin were found to show 3 to 4 times greater affinity to muscarinic receptors in the human bladder than in the parotid gland. Tolterodine and 5-HM were 2-fold more potent for inhibiting specific [(3)H]NMS binding at cell membranes expressing the M(2) vs the M(3) subtype. Conversely oxybutynin, DEOB, propiverine, DPr-P-4(N-->O) and darifenacin showed 2 to 22 times higher affinity to the M(3) than to the M(2) subtype. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with oxybutynin, tolterodine, 5-HM and DPr-P-4(N-->O) may bind more selectively to muscarinic receptors in the human bladder than in the parotid gland.[1]

References

  1. Human muscarinic receptor binding characteristics of antimuscarinic agents to treat overactive bladder. Maruyama, S., Oki, T., Otsuka, A., Shinbo, H., Ozono, S., Kageyama, S., Mikami, Y., Araki, I., Takeda, M., Masuyama, K., Yamada, S. J. Urol. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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