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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning of disintegrins from Cerastes vipera and Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea venom gland cDNA libraries: insight into the evolution of the snake venom integrin-inhibition system.

We report the cloning and sequence analysis of Cerastes vipera and Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea cDNAs coding for short non-RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) disintegrins and for dimeric disintegrin subunits. The mRNAs belong to the short-coding class, suggesting that these disintegrin mRNAs may be more widely distributed than previously thought. Our data also argue for a common ancestry of the mRNAs of short disintegrins and those coding for precursors of dimeric disintegrin chains. The Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea dimeric disintegrin reported to inhibit the laminin-binding integrins alpha3beta1, alpha6beta1 and alpha7beta1 was analysed using a proteomic approach and was shown to bear MLD (Met-Leu-Asp) and VGD (Val-Gly-Asp) motifs. The results highlight the fact that disintegrins have evolved a restricted panel of integrin-blocking sequences that segregate with defined branches of the phylogenetic tree of the integrin alpha-chains, providing novel insights into the evolutionary adaptation of the snake venom antagonists to the ligand-binding sites of their target integrin receptors.[1]


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