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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chemokine CXCL16, a scavenger receptor, induces proliferation and invasion of first-trimester human trophoblast cells in an autocrine manner.

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether CXCL16/CXCR6, a newly identified chemokine pair, is expressed in first-trimester human placenta and whether they affect the trophoblast cell biology, since we have found CXCR6 highly transcribed in first-trimester human trophoblast cells previously. METHODS: We analysed the transcription and translation of CXCR6 and CXCL16 in purified first-trimester human trophoblast cells by real-time RT-PCR and immunochemical staining. We then examined the kinetic secretion of CXCL16 in the supernatant of primary-cultured trophoblast by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We further investigated effects of CXCL16 on the proliferation and invasion of trophoblast cells in vitro. RESULTS: We found the chemokine pair CXCL16/CXCR6 was transcribed and translated in first-trimester trophoblast cells and JAR line. In addition, the primary-cultured trophoblasts secreted CXCL16 spontaneously and continuously in 100-h culture. Treating trophoblasts with CXCL16 induced marked proliferation and invasion in vitro. CONCLUSION: The findings from this study have demonstrated for the first time that CXCR6 and CXCL16 are co-expressed by first-trimester human trophoblast cells and stimulate their proliferation and invasion in an autocrine/paracrine manner. It suggests that CXCL16 plays important roles in human extravillous cytotrophoblast invasion and placentation.[1]


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