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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cryptogenic liver disease in four children: a novel congenital disorder of glycosylation.

We investigated the metabolic defect(s) of four children who presented with isolated cryptogenic chronic liver disease, coagulopathy, and abnormalities of several unrelated serum glycoproteins. Analysis of the patients' serum glycoproteins and fibroblasts suggest they have a novel congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG). All had abnormal transferrin ( Tf) isoelectric focusing (IEF) profiles. More detailed analysis of Tf by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) showed a plethora of abnormal glycosylations that included loss of 1-2 sialic acids and 1-2 galactose units, typical of Group II defects. Tf from two patients also lacked 1-2 entire oligosaccharide chains, typical of Group One disorders. Total serum N-glycans were analyzed by HPLC and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry and also showed increased proportion of neutral glycan chains lacking sialic acids and galactose units. Analysis of patient fibroblasts eliminated CDG-Ia, through CDG-Ih, -IL and CDG-IId. Our results suggest that a subset of children with clinically asymptomatic, cryptogenic hypertransaminasemia and/or liver steato-fibrosis may represent a novel type of CDG-X with an unknown defect(s). Clinicians are encouraged to test such patients for abnormal Tf glycosylation by ESI-MS.[1]


  1. Cryptogenic liver disease in four children: a novel congenital disorder of glycosylation. Mandato, C., Brive, L., Miura, Y., Davis, J.A., Di Cosmo, N., Lucariello, S., Pagliardini, S., Seo, N.S., Parenti, G., Vecchione, R., Freeze, H.H., Vajro, P. Pediatr. Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
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