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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of sphingosine-1-phosphate- and vascular endothelial growth factor-induced endothelial cell chemotaxis by red grape skin polyphenols correlates with a decrease in early platelet-activating factor synthesis.

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived lipid sphingosine-1-phosphate ( S1P) are two proinflammatory mediators which contribute to angiogenesis, in part through the synthesis of platelet-activating factor (PAF). The red grape skin polyphenolic extract (SGE) both prevents and inhibits angiogenesis in the Matrigel model, decreases the basal motility of endothelial and cancer cells, and reverses the chemotactic effect of S1P and VEGF on bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) as well as the chemotactic effect of conditioned medium on human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma, human U-87 glioblastoma, and human DAOY medulloblastoma cells. Inhibition of VEGF- and S1P- mediated chemotaxis by SGE is associated with a down-regulation of ERK and p38/ MAPK phosphorylation and a decreased in acute PAF synthesis. Notably, as do extracellular inhibitors of PAF receptor, SGE prevents S1P-induced PAF synthesis and the resulting activation of the S1P/endothelial differentiation gene-1 cascade. Given the key role of VEGF and S1P in inflammation, angiogenesis, and tumor invasion, SGE may therefore contribute to prevent (or to delay) the development of diseases associated with angiogenesis dysregulation, including cancer. The dual inhibition of S1P- and VEGF-mediated migration of endothelial cell and of serum-stimulated migration of U-87 cells suggests a usefulness of SGE against highly invasive human glioblastoma.[1]


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