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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of regions of leukotriene C4 synthase which direct the enzyme to its nuclear envelope localization.

Leukotrienes (LTs) are fatty acid derivatives formed by oxygenation of arachidonic acid via the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway. Upon activation of inflammatory cells 5-LO is translocated to the nuclear envelope (NE) where it converts arachidonic acid to the unstable epoxide LTA4. LTA4 is further converted to LTC4 by conjugation with glutathione, a reaction catalyzed by the integral membrane protein LTC4 synthase (LTC4S), which is localized on the NE and endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We now report the mapping of regions of LTC4S that are important for its subcellular localization. Multiple constructs encoding fusion proteins of green fluorescent protein (GFP) as the N-terminal part and various truncated variants of human LTC4S as C-terminal part were prepared and transfected into HEK 293/T or COS-7 cells. Constructs encoding hydrophobic region 1 of LTC4S (amino acids 6-27) did not give distinct membrane localized fluorescence. In contrast hydrophobic region 2 (amino acids 60-89) gave a localization pattern similar to that of full length LTC4S. Hydrophobic region 3 (amino acids 114-135) directed GFP to a localization indistinguishable from that of full length LTC4S. A minimal directing sequence, amino acids 117-132, was identified by further truncation. The involvement of the hydrophobic regions in the homo-oligomerization of LTC4S was investigated using bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) analysis in living cells. BRET data showed that hydrophobic regions 1 and 3 each allowed oligomerization to occur. These regions most likely form transmembrane helices, suggesting that homo-oligomerization of LTC4S is due to helix-helix interactions in the membrane.[1]


  1. Identification of regions of leukotriene C4 synthase which direct the enzyme to its nuclear envelope localization. Svartz, J., Hallin, E., Shi, Y., Söderström, M., Hammarström, S. J. Cell. Biochem. (2006) [Pubmed]
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