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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activity of human dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase is largely reduced by mutation at isoleucine-51 to alanine.

Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase ( E3) belongs to the pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family including glutathione reductase and thioredoxin reductase. It catalyzes the reoxidation of dihydrolipoyl moiety of the acyltransferase components of three alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes and of the hydrogen-carrier protein of the glycine cleavage system. Isoleucine-51 of human E3, located near the active disulfide center Cys residues, is highly conserved in most E3s from several sources. To examine the importance of this highly conserved Ile-51 in human E3 function, it was substituted with Ala using site-directed mutagenesis. The mutant was expressed in Escherichia coli and highly purified using an affinity column. Its E3 activity was decreased about 100-fold, indicating that the conservation of the Ile-51 residue in human E3 was very important to the efficient catalytic function of the enzyme. Its altered spectroscopic properties implied that conformational changes could occur in the mutant.[1]


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