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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transforming growth factor-beta1 regulates macrophage migration via RhoA.

Brief treatment with transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 stimulated the migration of macrophages, whereas long-term exposure decreased their migration. Cell migration stimulated by TGF-beta1 was markedly inhibited by 10 mug/mL Tat-C3 exoenzyme. TGF-beta1 increased mRNA and protein levels of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha in the initial period, and these effects also were inhibited by 10 mug/mL Tat-C3 and a dominant-negative (DN)-RhoA (N19RhoA). Cycloheximide, actinomycin D, and antibodies against MIP-1alpha and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) abolished the stimulation of cell migration by TGF-beta1. These findings suggest that migration of these cells is regulated directly and indirectly via the expression of chemokines such as MIP-1alpha and MCP-1 mediated by RhoA in response to TGF-beta1. TGF-beta1 activated RhoA in the initial period, and thereafter inactivated them, suggesting that the inactivation of RhoA may be the cause of the reduced cell migration in response to TGF-beta1 at later times. We therefore attempted to elucidate the molecular mechanism of the inactivation of RhoA by TGF-beta1. First, TGF-beta1 phosphorylated RhoA via protein kinase A, leading to inactivation of RhoA. Second, wild-type p190 Rho GTPase activating protein (p190RhoGAP) reduced and DN-p190RhoGAP reversed the reduction of cell migration induced by TGF-beta, suggesting that it inactivated RhoA via p190 Rho GAP.[1]


  1. Transforming growth factor-beta1 regulates macrophage migration via RhoA. Kim, J.S., Kim, J.G., Moon, M.Y., Jeon, C.Y., Won, H.Y., Kim, H.J., Jeon, Y.J., Seo, J.Y., Kim, J.I., Kim, J., Lee, J.Y., Kim, P.H., Park, J.B. Blood (2006) [Pubmed]
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