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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and activity of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase in the rat epididymis.

Following Northern analysis, GGT mRNA was found predominantly within the caput epididymides and kidney. The size of mRNAs for kidney, caput, corpus, and ductus deferens were 2.2, 2.3, 2.2, and 2.3 kb, respectively, whereas cauda showed a doublet of 2.2 and 2.3 kb. GGT transpeptidation and hydrolytic activity within epididymal luminal fluids collected by micropuncture showed caput = corpus greater than cauda and corpus greater than caput greater than cauda, respectively. Caput luminal GGT transpeptidation activity was significantly inhibited by serine-borate and was optimal at pH 8. 0. The calculated Km and Vmax values for hydrolysis of GSH by caput luminal GGT were 0.06 microM and 2.19 nmoles/min/microliters luminal fluid at pH 8.5 compared to 0.49 microM and 0.49 nmoles/min/microliters luminal fluid, respectively, at the physiological pH 6.5 of caput fluid. These studies would suggest that the epididymis can control the activity of luminal GGT by pH. Lower Km (0.12 microM) and higher Vmax (1.13 nmoles/min/microliters luminal fluid) values were also calculated when GSSG was used compared to GSH. Results from Triton X-114 partitioning experiments suggest that luminal GGT probably exists in both membrane bound and nonmembrane bound forms. Western blot analysis of proteins within epididymal luminal fluids revealed both subunits of GGT in all epididymal regions studied. However, two lower molecular bands, approximately 22 kDa and 21 kDa, were also observed in cauda fluid. It is suggested that as GGT is transported along the epididymal duct it undergoes degradation, which accounts for its loss of activity in the distal epididymal regions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Expression and activity of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase in the rat epididymis. Hinton, B.T., Palladino, M.A., Mattmueller, D.R., Bard, D., Good, K. Mol. Reprod. Dev. (1991) [Pubmed]
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