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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

The potential nephrotoxic effects of intensity modulated radiotherapy delivered to the para-aortic area of women with gynecologic malignancies: preliminary results.

OBJECTIVE: To assess kidney function via creatinine clearance before and after radiotherapy in gynecologic cancer patients treated to the para-aortic ( PA) area via Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS: Twenty-three patients underwent IMRT to the para-aortic area, were followed for at least 5 months, and had the necessary laboratory data to calculate creatinine clearance. Various patient-related factors and radiotherapy-treatment related factors were analyzed to determine their association with changes in CrCl. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 10.9 months (range, 5-19 months). Median patient age was 51.7 years (range, 22-78). The average initial CrCl was noted to be 109.23 mL/min (range, 38.64-188.38) before radiotherapy and decreased to 90.00 mL/min (29.31-175.61) after radiotherapy (P = 0.004). Although 17 patients had a decrease in their CrCl, 6 were found to have a slight elevation. Five factors were associated with a decrement in CrCl greater than the average decrease (17.6%): presence of hydronephrosis, age <50, no history of cisplatin treatment, a BED to gross adenopathy exceeding mean BED, and salvage treatment of PA node recurrence. Subgroup analysis revealed that the only statistically significant change within the group of patient and/or treatment-related factors was between patients who were <50-year-old and patients who were > or =50 years of age (P = 0.03). No patient exhibited clinical signs of radiation-induced nephropathy. CONCLUSION: With a median follow-up of 10.9 months, the estimated CrCl decreased by 17.6% after IMRT to the para-aortic area +/- cisplatin chemotherapy. The greatest decrease in CrCl occurred in patients who had a history of hydronephrosis. Subgroup analysis revealed that the decline in CrCl was significantly greater for patients younger than 50 years of age. Interestingly, a greater decline in CrCl was noted for those patients who did not have a history of cisplatin treatment. Our preliminary results indicate that IMRT +/- cisplatin chemotherapy to the para-aortic area of women is safe and is not associated with any clinical sequelae of renal toxicity despite a small decrement in CrCl in most, but not all patients.[1]

References

  1. The potential nephrotoxic effects of intensity modulated radiotherapy delivered to the para-aortic area of women with gynecologic malignancies: preliminary results. Varlotto, J.M., Gerszten, K., Heron, D.E., Comerci, J., Gautam, S., Selvaraj, R., Lalonde, R., Chura, J.C. Am. J. Clin. Oncol. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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