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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A link between rhodopsin and disc membrane cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase. Action spectrum and sensitivity to illumination.

Frog (Rana pipiens) rod outer segment disc membranes contain guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate phosphodiesterase (EC which, in the presence of ATP, is stimulated 5- to 20-fold by illumination. The effectiveness of monochromatic light of different wavelengths in activating phosphodiesterase was examined. The action spectrum has a maximum of 500 nm, and the entire spectrum from 350 to 800 nm closely matches the absorption spectrum of rhodopsin, which is apparently the pigment which mediates the effects of light on phosphodiesterase activity. trans-Retinal alone does not mimic light. Half-maximal activation of the phosphodiesterase occurs with a light exposure which bleaches 1/2000 of the rhodopsins. Half-maximal activation can also be achieved by mixing 1 part of illuminated disc membranes in which the rhodopsin is bleached with 99 parts of unilluminated membranes. Regeneration of bleached rhodopsin by addition of 11-cis-retinal is illuminated disc membranes reverses the ability of these membranes to activate phosphodiesterase in unilluminated membranes. If the rhodopsin regenerated by 11-cis-retinal is illuminated again, it regains the ability to activate phosphodiesterase. These studies show that the levels of cyclic nucleotides in vetebrate rod outer segments are regulated by minute amounts of light and clearly indicate that rhodopsin is the photopigment whose state of illumination is closely linked to the enzymatic activity of disc membrane phosphodiesterase.[1]


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