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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of glycophospholipid intermediate in the biosynthesis of glycophosphatidylinositol anchors accumulating in the Thy-1-negative lymphoma line SIA-b.

Several mammalian mutant cell lines are deficient in the biosynthesis of glycophosphatidylinositol anchors for membrane proteins. When metabolically labeled with [3H]myo-inositol or [3H]mannose, two out of five mutant lines (SIA-b and EL4-f) accumulated abnormal lipids which remained undetectable in the corresponding parental cell lines. The most abundant glycolipid of SIA-b cells (named lipid X) was isolated and partially characterized using hydrofluoric acid, nitrous acid deamination, acetolysis, and exoglycosidase treatments alone or in combination. The partial structure for the carbohydrate moiety of lipid X is Man alpha-(X----)Man alpha-GlcN-inositol, X being a charged, HF-sensitive substituent (possibly phosphoethanolamine). Lipid X is largely resistant to phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C treatment but can be rendered sensitive to the enzyme by treatment with methanolic NH3, which suggests the presence of an acyl chain on the inositol moiety. The lipid moieties of lipid X are heterogenous in that about 50% of headgroups remain bound to a lipid moiety after mild alkaline hydrolysis. Similarly, about 50% of the lipid moieties of Thy-1, a glycophosphatidylinositol-anchored surface glycoprotein, isolated from SIA, the parent of SIA-b cells or from EL4 lymphoma cells, are resistant to mild alkaline hydrolysis. Altogether the data suggest that the SIA-b mutant line lacks an enzyme acting late in the anchor glycolipid biosynthesis pathway.[1]


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