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Chemical Compound Review

Fluohydric Acid     fluorane

Synonyms: Rubigine, fluorum, Fluorowodor, Hydrofluoride, Fluorwaterstof, ...
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Disease relevance of hydrogen fluoride


Psychiatry related information on hydrogen fluoride


High impact information on hydrogen fluoride

  • Deglycosylation of extracellular and intracellular prothrombin with hydrofluoric acid (HF) resulted in a decrease in mol wt for both species to 66 kd [7].
  • A chemiluminescence-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to measure the kinetics of the WaaP sugar kinase activity, and the results showed that the K(m) was 0.22 mm for ATP and 14.4 microm for hydrofluoric acid-treated LPS, V(max) was 408.24 pmol min(-1), and k(cat) was 27.23 min(-1) [8].
  • This analysis, which required removal of the GPI anchors by aqueous hydrofluoric acid treatment and cleavage at aspartate-proline bonds by mild acid hydrolysis, provided precise information about the glycosylation state and the number of Glu-Pro repeats in these proteins [9].
  • The [3H]myo-inositol-labeled abnormal lipids were isolated and characterized using hydrofluoric acid dephosphorylation, nitrous acid deamination, acetolysis, and exoglycosidase treatments alone or in combination [10].
  • This 161-Da moiety could be removed from the lipid A by treatment with aqueous hydrofluoric acid and was identified as galactosamine following peracetylation and analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry [11].

Chemical compound and disease context of hydrogen fluoride


Biological context of hydrogen fluoride


Anatomical context of hydrogen fluoride


Associations of hydrogen fluoride with other chemical compounds


Gene context of hydrogen fluoride

  • The beta-1,6-glucan moiety could be removed from Cwp1p and other cell wall proteins by cleaving phosphodiester bridges either enzymatically using phosphodiesterases or chemically using ice-cold aqueous hydrofluoric acid [29].
  • The concentration of hydrofluoric acid (HF) was optimized to obtain an optically flat surface which was evaluated by AFM, SEM and dark-field microscopy [30].
  • The anionic species were successively neutralized by neuraminidase (29%), aq. hydrofluoric acid (30%), and methanolysis (26%), indicating that approximately equal portions were sensitive to desialylation, dephosphorylation and desulfation, respectively [31].
  • However, if these LPS were dephosphorylated with aqueous hydrofluoric acid (HF) their KDO response in this assay was increased 5.4- to 2.6-fold, respectively [32].
  • Peri- and subungual burns caused by hydrofluoric acid [33].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of hydrogen fluoride


  1. Lipid on capsular polysaccharides of gram-negative bacteria. Gotschlich, E.C., Fraser, B.A., Nishimura, O., Robbins, J.B., Liu, T.Y. J. Biol. Chem. (1981) [Pubmed]
  2. The Structure of the Major Cell Wall Polysaccharide of Bacillus anthracis Is Species-specific. Choudhury, B., Leoff, C., Saile, E., Wilkins, P., Quinn, C.P., Kannenberg, E.L., Carlson, R.W. J. Biol. Chem. (2006) [Pubmed]
  3. Fulminant acute colitis following a self-administered hydrofluoric acid enema. Cappell, M.S., Simon, T. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  4. Cleavage of the O antigen 4, 5, 12 of Salmonella typhimurium by hydrofluoric acid. Helander, I.M., Kitunen, V. FEBS Lett. (1989) [Pubmed]
  5. Survival following hydrofluoric acid ingestion. Stremski, E.S., Grande, G.A., Ling, L.J. Annals of emergency medicine. (1992) [Pubmed]
  6. Hazardous chemicals: psychological dimensions of the health sequelae of a community exposure in Texas. Dayal, H.H., Baranowski, T., Li, Y.H., Morris, R. Journal of epidemiology and community health. (1994) [Pubmed]
  7. Effect of warfarin on prothrombin synthesis and secretion in human Hep G2 cells. Karpatkin, S., Finlay, T.H., Ballesteros, A.L., Karpatkin, M. Blood (1987) [Pubmed]
  8. WaaP of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a novel eukaryotic type protein-tyrosine kinase as well as a sugar kinase essential for the biosynthesis of core lipopolysaccharide. Zhao, X., Lam, J.S. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. The procyclin repertoire of Trypanosoma brucei. Identification and structural characterization of the Glu-Pro-rich polypeptides. Acosta-Serrano, A., Cole, R.N., Mehlert, A., Lee, M.G., Ferguson, M.A., Englund, P.T. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Characterization of abnormal free glycophosphatidylinositols accumulating in mutant lymphoma cells of classes B, E, F, and H. Puoti, A., Conzelmann, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1993) [Pubmed]
  11. Novel modification of lipid A of Francisella tularensis. Phillips, N.J., Schilling, B., McLendon, M.K., Apicella, M.A., Gibson, B.W. Infect. Immun. (2004) [Pubmed]
  12. The role of calcium gluconate in the treatment of hydrofluoric acid eye burn. Bentur, Y., Tannenbaum, S., Yaffe, Y., Halpert, M. Annals of emergency medicine. (1993) [Pubmed]
  13. Fatal hydrofluoric acid ingestion: a suicide case report. Bost, R.O., Springfield, A. Journal of analytical toxicology. (1995) [Pubmed]
  14. Structure of the Escherichia coli K2 capsular antigen, a teichoic acid-like polymer. Jann, K., Jann, B., Schmidt, M.A., Vann, W.F. J. Bacteriol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  15. Quantitative solubilization and analysis of insoluble paired helical filaments from Alzheimer disease. Smith, M.A., Siedlak, S.L., Richey, P.L., Nagaraj, R.H., Elhammer, A., Perry, G. Brain Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
  16. Topical treatments for hydrofluoric acid burns: a blind controlled experimental study. Höjer, J., Personne, M., Hultén, P., Ludwigs, U. J. Toxicol. Clin. Toxicol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  17. Asthma following household exposure to hydrofluoric acid. Franzblau, A., Sahakian, N. Am. J. Ind. Med. (2003) [Pubmed]
  18. Occupational medicine in Oklahoma: hydrofluoric acid dangers. Himes, J.E. The Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association. (1989) [Pubmed]
  19. Regional intravenous infusion of calcium gluconate for hydrofluoric acid burns of the upper extremity. Ryan, J.M., McCarthy, G., Plunkett, P.K. Annals of emergency medicine. (1998) [Pubmed]
  20. Fatal systemic fluorosis due to hydrofluoric acid burns. Mayer, T.G., Gross, P.L. Annals of emergency medicine. (1985) [Pubmed]
  21. Oxidative conversion of 6-fluorobenzo(c)phenanthrene to its K-region oxide by liver microsomes from 3-methylcholanthrene treated rats: reversal of stereoselectivity of cytochrome P-450c due to the influence of fluoro group. Prasad, G.K., Thakker, D.R. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1991) [Pubmed]
  22. Surface characteristics of dentin experimentally exposed to hydrofluoric acid. Pioch, T., Jakob, H., García-Godoy, F., Götz, H., Dörfer, C.E., Staehle, H.J. Eur. J. Oral Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. Pathological demonstration of rapid involvement into the subcutaneous tissue in a case of fatal hydrofluoric acid burns. Ohtani, M., Nishida, N., Chiba, T., Muto, H., Yoshioka, N. Forensic Sci. Int. (2007) [Pubmed]
  24. Characterization of glycophospholipid intermediate in the biosynthesis of glycophosphatidylinositol anchors accumulating in the Thy-1-negative lymphoma line SIA-b. Puoti, A., Desponds, C., Fankhauser, C., Conzelmann, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
  25. Quantitation of lyso-platelet activating factor molecular species from human neutrophils by mass spectrometry. Haroldsen, P.E., Clay, K.L., Murphy, R.C. J. Lipid Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
  26. Distinct affinity of binding sites for S-layer homologous domains in Clostridium thermocellum and Bacillus anthracis cell envelopes. Chauvaux, S., Matuschek, M., Beguin, P. J. Bacteriol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  27. Iontophoretic delivery of calcium for experimental hydrofluoric acid burns. Yamashita, M., Yamashita, M., Suzuki, M., Hirai, H., Kajigaya, H. Crit. Care Med. (2001) [Pubmed]
  28. High-performance reverse phase chromatography with fluorescence detection assay for characterization and quantification of pneumococcal polysaccharides. Canaán-Haden, L., Cremata, J., Chang, J., Valdés, Y., Cardoso, F., Bencomo, V.V. Vaccine (2006) [Pubmed]
  29. Retention of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall proteins through a phosphodiester-linked beta-1,3-/beta-1,6-glucan heteropolymer. Kapteyn, J.C., Montijn, R.C., Vink, E., de la Cruz, J., Llobell, A., Douwes, J.E., Shimoi, H., Lipke, P.N., Klis, F.M. Glycobiology (1996) [Pubmed]
  30. Ultra-smooth glass channels for bioassay with motor proteins. Yokokawa, R., Takeuchi, S., Fujita, H. The Analyst. (2004) [Pubmed]
  31. Use of large-scale hydrazinolysis in the preparation of N-linked oligosaccharide libraries: application to brain tissue. Wing, D.R., Rademacher, T.W., Field, M.C., Dwek, R.A., Schmitz, B., Thor, G., Schachner, M. Glycoconj. J. (1992) [Pubmed]
  32. Interleukin-1 induction by lipopolysaccharides: structural requirements of the 3-deoxy-D-manno-2-octulosonic acid (KDO). Haeffner-Cavaillon, N., Caroff, M., Cavaillon, J.M. Mol. Immunol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  33. Peri- and subungual burns caused by hydrofluoric acid. Piraccini, B.M., Rech, G., Pazzaglia, M., Tullo, S., Iorizzo, M., Tosti, A. Contact Derm. (2005) [Pubmed]
  34. Structural characterization of free glycolipids which are potential precursors for glycophosphatidylinositol anchors in mouse thymoma cell lines. Puoti, A., Conzelmann, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
  35. Laser ablation construction of on-column reagent addition devices for capillary electrophoresis. Rezenom, Y.H., Lancaster, J.M., Pittman, J.L., Gilman, S.D. Anal. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  36. Capillary electrophoresis in 2 and 5 microns diameter capillaries: application to cytoplasmic analysis. Olefirowicz, T.M., Ewing, A.G. Anal. Chem. (1990) [Pubmed]
  37. Covalent association of beta-1,3-glucan with beta-1,6-glucosylated mannoproteins in cell walls of Candida albicans. Kapteyn, J.C., Montijn, R.C., Dijkgraaf, G.J., Van den Ende, H., Klis, F.M. J. Bacteriol. (1995) [Pubmed]
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