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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dracorhodin perchlorate induces apoptosis in HL-60 cells.

Dracorhodin perchlorate, an anthocyanin red pigment, induces human premyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cell death through apoptotic pathway. Caspase -1, -3, -8, -9, and -10 inhibitors partially reversed the cell death induced by dracorhodin perchlorate. Caspase-3 and -8 were activated followed to the degradation of caspase-3 substrates, inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase (ICAD) and poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Dracorhodin perchlorate up-regulated the expression ratio of mitochondrial proteins, Bax/Bcl-XL. The cell death was accompanied with phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and p38 MAPK and partially reduced by MEK inhibitor (PD98059), JNK MAPK inhibitor (SP600125) and p38 MAPK inhibitor (SB 203580). Taken together, dracorhodin perchlorate-induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells via up-regulation of Bax, activation of caspases and ERK/p38/JNK MAPKs.[1]


  1. Dracorhodin perchlorate induces apoptosis in HL-60 cells. Xia, M.Y., Wang, M.W., Cui, Z., Tashiro, S.I., Onodera, S., Minami, M., Ikejima, T. Journal of Asian natural products research. (2006) [Pubmed]
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