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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

S-1, an oral fluoropyrimidine, enhances radiation response of DLD-1/FU human colon cancer xenografts resistant to 5-FU.

S-1, a novel oral fluoropyrimidine, is increasingly used for the treatment of human cancer including gastrointestinal carcinomas. Using the 5-FU resistant DLD-1/FU human colon cancer cell xenografts, the present study investigated whether S-1 enhances the therapeutic efficacy of radiation and if so what are the underlying mechanisms. Nude mice bearing tumor xenografts were treated with radiation, S-1, or both. Tumor growth delay was the treatments' endpoint. To determine whether S-1 enhances intrinsic cell radiosensitivity, we performed clonogenic cell survival assay. Also we assessed the expression of thymidylate synthase ( TS) using immunohistochemistry assay. While S-1 or 5 Gy were only slightly effective as single agents in delaying tumor growth, the combined treatment was highly effective. Clonogenic cell survival showed that S-1 strongly enhanced cell radiosensitivity. Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of TS was down-regulated in tumors treated by S-1 plus radiation. Combined S-1 plus radiation treatment resulted in a synergistic effect in the therapy of 5-FU resistant human colon carcinoma xenografts (EF = 2.06). The effect could be attributed to the ability of S-1 to increase cell radiosensitivity (EF = 1.9) and to the down-regulation of TS involved in cellular processes leading to radio- and (or) chemo-resistance.[1]


  1. S-1, an oral fluoropyrimidine, enhances radiation response of DLD-1/FU human colon cancer xenografts resistant to 5-FU. Nakata, E., Fukushima, M., Takai, Y., Nemoto, K., Ogawa, Y., Nomiya, T., Nakamura, Y., Milas, L., Yamada, S. Oncol. Rep. (2006) [Pubmed]
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