The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

SREBP-2 positively regulates transcription of the cholesterol efflux gene, ABCA1, by generating oxysterol ligands for LXR.

Cholesterol accumulation and removal are regulated by two different transcription factors. SREBP-2 (sterol-regulatory-element-binding protein-2) is best known to up-regulate genes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis and uptake, whereas LXR (liver X receptor) is best known for up-regulating cholesterol efflux genes. An important cholesterol efflux gene that is regulated by LXR is the ATP-binding cassette transporter, ABCA1 (ATP-binding cassette transporter-A1). We have previously shown that statin treatment down-regulated ABCA1 expression in human macrophages, probably by inhibiting synthesis of the LXR ligand 24(S),25-epoxycholesterol. However, it was subsequently reported that ABCA1 expression is down-regulated by SREBP-2 through binding of SREBP-2 to an E-box element in ABCA1's proximal promoter. As statin treatment induces SREBP-2 activation, this may provide an alternative explanation for the statin- mediated down-regulation of ABCA1. In the present study, we employed a set of CHO (Chinese-hamster ovary) mutant cell lines to investigate the role of SREBP-2 in the regulation of ABCA1. We observed increased ABCA1 mRNA levels in SREBP-2-overexpressing cells and decreased levels in cells lacking a functional SREBP-2 pathway, which were restored when the SREBP-2 pathway was reinstated. Moreover, ABCA1 gene expression was positively associated with synthesis of 24(S),25-epoxycholesterol in these cell lines. In studies using a human ABCA1 promoter reporter assay, mutation of the E-box motif had a similar response as the wild-type construct to either statin treatment or addition of 24(S),25-epoxycholesterol. By contrast, these responses were completely ablated when the DR4 element to which LXR binds was mutated. These results support the idea that 24(S),25-epoxycholesterol and statin treatment influence ABCA1 transcription via supply of an LXR ligand and not through an SREBP-2/E-box-related mechanism. In addition, our results indicate a critical role of SREBP-2 as a positive regulator of ABCA1 gene expression by enabling the generation of oxysterol ligands for LXR.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities