The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutation of the murine Bloom's syndrome gene produces global genome destabilization.

Bloom's syndrome ( BS) is a genetic disorder characterized cellularly by increases in sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) and numbers of micronuclei. BS is caused by mutation in the BLM DNA helicase gene and involves a greatly enhanced risk of developing the range of malignancies seen in the general population. With a mouse model for the disease, we set out to determine the relationship between genomic instability and neoplasia. We used a novel two-step analysis to investigate a panel of eight cell lines developed from mammary tumors that appeared in Blm conditional knockout mice. First, the panel of cell lines was examined for instability. High numbers of SCEs were uniformly seen in members of the panel, and several lines produced chromosomal instability (CIN) manifested by high numbers of chromosomal structural aberrations (CAs) and chromosome missegregation events. Second, to see if Blm mutation was responsible for the CIN, time-dependent analysis was conducted on a tumor line harboring a functional floxed Blm allele. The floxed allele was deleted in vitro, and mutant as well as control subclones were cultured for 100 passages. By passage 100, six of nine mutant subclones had acquired high CIN. Nine mutant subclones produced 50-fold more CAs than did nine control subclones. Finally, chromosome loss preceded the appearance of CIN, suggesting that this loss provides a potential mechanism for the induction of instability in mutant subclones. Such aneuploidy or CIN is a universal feature of neoplasia but has an uncertain function in oncogenesis. Our results show that Blm gene mutation produces this instability, strengthening a role for CIN in the development of human cancer.[1]


  1. Mutation of the murine Bloom's syndrome gene produces global genome destabilization. Chester, N., Babbe, H., Pinkas, J., Manning, C., Leder, P. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities