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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The Missense Genetic Polymorphisms of Human CYP2A13: Functional Significance in Carcinogen Activation and Identification of A Null Allelic Variant.

Cytochrome P450 2A13 (CYP2A13), an enzyme predominantly expressed in human respiratory tissues, is highly efficient for the metabolic activation of two suspected human lung carcinogens 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Functional genetic polymorphisms of CYP2A13 may therefore be an important factor in human susceptibility to related lung cancers. Among the reported CYP2A13 polymorphisms with missense variations, only CYP2A13*2 variant (containing either a single or double variation of R25Q and R257C) was studied for its NNK-metabolizing activity. The present study demonstrated that there was no remarkable difference in AFB1- and NNK-induced toxicity between the Flp-In Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells stably expressing wild-type CYP2A13 and the cells expressing the individual polymorphic variants R25Q, D158E, R257C, R25Q/R257C, V323L, F453Y, and R494C. In contrast, cells transfected with R101Q variant complementary DNA (cDNA), same as the vector control cells, showed no significant death even at highest concentrations of AFB1 (10muM) and NNK (200muM). This result correlated with the lack of CYP2A13 protein in the R101Q-CHO cells, although the genomic integration of transfected R101Q cDNA and the expression of R101Q messenger RNA were clearly demonstrated in these stable transfectants. Consistent with the possibility that the variation might reduce the protein stability, R101Q variant protein expressed in insect cells showed a loss of P450 peak and coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity as well as an increased susceptibility to limited protein digestion. Thus, the R101Q polymorphic change results in a null allelic variant of CYP2A13. Our results should be useful in designing and interpreting molecular epidemiological studies related to CYP2A13 genetic polymorphisms.[1]


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