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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization and genetic variability of Fusarium verticillioides strains isolated from corn and sorghum in Brazil based on fumonisins production, microsatellites, mating type locus, and mating crosses.

Fusarium verticillioides (Gibberella fujikuroi mating population A) is a producer of fumonisins and one of the main contaminants of corn grains. In Brazil, some studies analyzing strains isolated from corn have demonstrated high levels of fumonisins, whereas the levels for strains isolated from sorghum have been found to be low. In the present study, we investigated the genetic diversity of 22 F. verticillioides strains isolated from corn and 21 strains isolated from sorghum cultivated in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Differences in the genetic profile were observed between the strains isolated from the two substrates using single primer amplification reaction by polymerase chain reaction (SPAR-PCR). Fumonisins levels were higher in strains isolated from corn than in those isolated from sorghum. The MAT-1 and MAT-2 alleles were identified by PCR, and the isolates were subsequently crossed with Fusarium thapsinum (G. fujikuroi mating population F) reference strains because this species is morphologically similar to F. verticillioides and produces low levels of fumonisins. The SPAR haplotypes of some strains isolated from sorghum were similar to the F. thapsinum reference strain haplotypes, but there was no fertile mating between the strains isolated from the two substrates and the F. thapsinum references strains. The MAT-1:MAT-2 proportion was 5:17 and 14:7 for isolates from corn and sorghum, respectively.[1]


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