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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activation of the iberiotoxin-sensitive BK(Ca) channels by salvianolic acid B of the porcine coronary artery smooth muscle cells.

In this study, we examined the effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen) crude extract, some of its lipid-soluble components (tanshinone I, tanshinone II(A), cryptotanshinone, dihydroisotanshinone I) and the water-soluble compounds (danshensu and salvianolic acid B) on the K(+) channels such as the iberiotoxin-sensitive Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels and the glibenclamide-sensitive ATP-dependent K(+) (IK(ATP)) channels of the porcine left anterior descending coronary artery smooth muscle cells. Cumulative application of salvianolic acid B (30-300 muM) caused a l-NNA (100 muM)-insensitive, potentiation of the outward BK(Ca) current amplitude with no apparent effect on the IK(ATP) channels opening. Salvianolic acid B (300 muM) caused an ODQ (10 muM, a guanylate cyclase inhibitor)-sensitive enhancement of the outward BK(Ca) current amplitude. In contrast, none of the other isolated chemical constituents of S. miltiorrhiza modified the openings of the two types of K(+) channels studied. In conclusion, our results suggest that salvianolic acid B, a major hydrophilic constituent found in Radix S. miltiorrhiza, activated the opening of the BK(Ca) channels of the porcine coronary artery smooth muscle cells through the activation of guanylate cyclase without the involvement of the nitric oxide synthase activation.[1]


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