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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Liver receptor homolog 1 is a negative regulator of the hepatic acute-phase response.

The orphan nuclear receptor liver receptor homolog 1 ( LRH-1) has been reported to play an important role in bile acid biosynthesis and reverse cholesterol transport. Here, we show that LRH-1 is a key player in the control of the hepatic acute-phase response. Ectopic expression of LRH-1 with adenovirus resulted in strong inhibition of both interleukin-6 ( IL-6)- and IL-1beta- stimulated haptoglobin, serum amyloid A, and fibrinogen beta gene expression in hepatocytes. Furthermore, induction of the hepatic inflammatory response was significantly exacerbated in HepG2 cells expressing short hairpin RNA targeting LRH-1 expression. Moreover, transient-transfection experiments and electrophoretic mobility shift and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed that LRH-1 regulates this cytokine-elicited inflammatory response by, at least in part, antagonizing the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta signaling pathway. Finally, we show, by using LRH-1 heterozygous mice, that LRH-1 is involved in the control of the inflammatory response at the hepatic level in vivo. Taken together, our results outline an unexpected role for LRH-1 in the modulation of the hepatic acute-phase response.[1]


  1. Liver receptor homolog 1 is a negative regulator of the hepatic acute-phase response. Venteclef, N., Smith, J.C., Goodwin, B., Delerive, P. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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