The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Direct stimulatory effects of the TLR2/6 ligand bacterial lipopeptide MALP-2 on neutrophil granulocytes.

Bacterial lipopeptides represent a group of bacterial compounds able to trigger the functions of cells of the innate immune response. Whereas diacylated lipopeptides are recognized by TLR2/6 dimers, triacylated lipopeptides were shown to act via TLR2/1 dimers. Although several previous studies dealt with the effect of the TLR2/1 ligand Pam(3)CysSK(4) on neutrophil granulocytes (PMN), it is still not clear whether TLR2/6 ligand lipopeptides can directly influence PMN functions. In the present study we used highly purified human neutrophils to investigate the direct effects of the diacylated mycoplasmal macrophage activating lipopeptide-2 (MALP-2) on the function of neutrophil granulocytes. After exposure to 10 ng/ml MALP-2 neutrophils acquired activated cell shape, secreted IL-8 and MIP-1beta and their phagocytic capacity was enhanced. Analysis of cell surface activation markers confirmed the activating effect of MALP-2, the expression of CD62L was downregulated whereas CD11b was upregulated on PMN after exposure to MALP-2. The constitutive apoptosis of PMN was inhibited after exposure to MALP-2. However, MALP-2 exerted only a short-term effect on the apoptosis of resting neutrophils, a longer lasting effect was observed after transendothelial migration. MALP-2 did not directly induce the production of reactive oxygen intermediates but primed PMN for a fMLP-induced oxidative burst. The migration of neutrophils was enhanced after treatment with MALP-2. This was due, however, to a chemokinetic rather than to a chemotactic effect. Pam(3)CysSK(4) also activated PMN, but in comparison to MALP-2, at higher concentrations. These findings suggest that diacylated lipopeptides are important microbial structures recognized by and acting on neutrophil granulocytes.[1]


  1. Direct stimulatory effects of the TLR2/6 ligand bacterial lipopeptide MALP-2 on neutrophil granulocytes. Wilde, I., Lotz, S., Engelmann, D., Starke, A., van Zandbergen, G., Solbach, W., Laskay, T. Med. Microbiol. Immunol. (2007) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities