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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lactoferrin-lipopolysaccharide interactions. Effect on lactoferrin binding to monocyte/macrophage-differentiated HL-60 cells.

Lactoferrin ( LF) has been implicated in a number of functions including the negative regulation of myelopoiesis in vitro and in vivo, an effect mediated by suppression of cytokine release from monocytes/macrophages. This suppression is abrogated by bacterial LPS. In the present study, HL-60 cells were induced to differentiate to monocytes/macrophages by 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate, and LF-binding assays were performed. After differentiation, HL-60 cells showed a twofold increase of LF-binding sites with no difference in the specificity or affinity of LF between pre- and post-differentiated cells. CD11a, CD11b, and CD11c Ag, which have been associated with specific binding sites for LPS on monocytes/macrophages, were also increased three- to fourfold after differentiation. With the use of this system, the effect of LPS on LF binding was studied. At 37 degrees C, LPS enhanced LF binding on HL-60 cells, especially after differentiation. Conversely, at 4 degrees C, LPS inhibited LF binding. There was little effect of temperature on LF binding in the absence of LPS. In the presence of polymyxin B sulfate, the enhanced LF binding by LPS was abrogated. Also, pretreatment with mAbCD11 and/or mAb5D3, which are associated with or directed against candidate LPS receptors, reduced LF binding. Cross-linking studies using an iodinated, photoactivatable LPS derivative ([125I]ASD-LPS) demonstrated directly the specific binding of LPS to LF. These data indicate a dichotomous nature of LF binding on monocyte/macrophage-differentiated HL-60 cells--one being mediated by specific LF receptors whereas the other is apparently mainly via LPS receptors after formation of an LF- LPS complex. These interactions, for which a model is proposed, help to explain the mechanism behind LPS abrogation of the myelopoietic suppressive effects of LF, and a situation that probably occurs during bacterial infection.[1]


  1. Lactoferrin-lipopolysaccharide interactions. Effect on lactoferrin binding to monocyte/macrophage-differentiated HL-60 cells. Miyazawa, K., Mantel, C., Lu, L., Morrison, D.C., Broxmeyer, H.E. J. Immunol. (1991) [Pubmed]
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