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MeSH Review

Bacterial Infections

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Disease relevance of Bacterial Infections


Psychiatry related information on Bacterial Infections

  • Increased production and secretion of lactoferrin and lysozyme suggests activated local defense mechanisms against bacterial infection in the stone-containing bile ducts, and may be beneficial for inhibition of the growth of calculi and prevention of the suppurative inflammation [6].
  • BACKGROUND: Cysteine proteases of the papain superfamily are present in nearly all groups of eukaryotes and play vital roles in a wide range of biological processes and diseases, including antigen and hormone processing, bacterial infection, arthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer's disease and cancer-cell invasion [7].
  • The differences in the decrease in the feeding pattern between the SDA viral and a bacterial infection suggest that factors other than TNF-alpha alone play a significant role in the mechanism of anorexia during a viral infection [8].

High impact information on Bacterial Infections


Chemical compound and disease context of Bacterial Infections


Biological context of Bacterial Infections


Anatomical context of Bacterial Infections


Gene context of Bacterial Infections


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Bacterial Infections


  1. A controlled trial of intravenous immune globulin for the prevention of serious bacterial infections in children receiving zidovudine for advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection. Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Spector, S.A., Gelber, R.D., McGrath, N., Wara, D., Barzilai, A., Abrams, E., Bryson, Y.J., Dankner, W.M., Livingston, R.A., Connor, E.M. N. Engl. J. Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
  2. A controlled trial of fluconazole or amphotericin B to prevent relapse of cryptococcal meningitis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The NIAID AIDS Clinical Trials Group and Mycoses Study Group. Powderly, W.G., Saag, M.S., Cloud, G.A., Robinson, P., Meyer, R.D., Jacobson, J.M., Graybill, J.R., Sugar, A.M., McAuliffe, V.J., Follansbee, S.E. N. Engl. J. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  3. Functional genomic analysis of phagocytosis and identification of a Drosophila receptor for E. coli. Rämet, M., Manfruelli, P., Pearson, A., Mathey-Prevot, B., Ezekowitz, R.A. Nature (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Eta-1 (osteopontin): an early component of type-1 (cell-mediated) immunity. Ashkar, S., Weber, G.F., Panoutsakopoulou, V., Sanchirico, M.E., Jansson, M., Zawaideh, S., Rittling, S.R., Denhardt, D.T., Glimcher, M.J., Cantor, H. Science (2000) [Pubmed]
  5. FcgammaRI (CD64) contributes substantially to severity of arthritis, hypersensitivity responses, and protection from bacterial infection. Ioan-Facsinay, A., de Kimpe, S.J., Hellwig, S.M., van Lent, P.L., Hofhuis, F.M., van Ojik, H.H., Sedlik, C., da Silveira, S.A., Gerber, J., de Jong, Y.F., Roozendaal, R., Aarden, L.A., van den Berg, W.B., Saito, T., Mosser, D., Amigorena, S., Izui, S., van Ommen, G.J., van Vugt, M., van de Winkel, J.G., Verbeek, J.S. Immunity (2002) [Pubmed]
  6. Lactoferrin and lysozyme in the intrahepatic bile duct of normal livers and hepatolithiasis. An immunohistochemical study. Saito, K., Nakanuma, Y. J. Hepatol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  7. A target within the target: probing cruzain's P1' site to define structural determinants for the Chagas' disease protease. Brinen, L.S., Hansell, E., Cheng, J., Roush, W.R., McKerrow, J.H., Fletterick, R.J. Structure (2000) [Pubmed]
  8. Feeding behavior during sialodacryoadenitis viral infection in rats. Sato, T., Meguid, M.M., Quinn, R.H., Zhang, L., Chen, C. Physiol. Behav. (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. Immunology of reactive arthritides. Burmester, G.R., Daser, A., Kamradt, T., Krause, A., Mitchison, N.A., Sieper, J., Wolf, N. Annu. Rev. Immunol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  10. Cardiovascular anomaly, impaired actin bundling and resistance to Src-induced transformation in mice lacking p130Cas. Honda, H., Oda, H., Nakamoto, T., Honda, Z., Sakai, R., Suzuki, T., Saito, T., Nakamura, K., Nakao, K., Ishikawa, T., Katsuki, M., Yazaki, Y., Hirai, H. Nat. Genet. (1998) [Pubmed]
  11. Dif, a dorsal-related gene that mediates an immune response in Drosophila. Ip, Y.T., Reach, M., Engstrom, Y., Kadalayil, L., Cai, H., González-Crespo, S., Tatei, K., Levine, M. Cell (1993) [Pubmed]
  12. A controlled trial of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or aerosolized pentamidine for secondary prophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 021. Hardy, W.D., Feinberg, J., Finkelstein, D.M., Power, M.E., He, W., Kaczka, C., Frame, P.T., Holmes, M., Waskin, H., Fass, R.J. N. Engl. J. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Recurrent bacterial infections associated with C3 nephritic factor and hypocomplementemia. Edwards, K.M., Alford, R., Gewurz, H., Mold, C. N. Engl. J. Med. (1983) [Pubmed]
  14. Deficiency of a granulocyte-membrane glycoprotein (gp150) in a boy with recurrent bacterial infections. Arnaout, M.A., Pitt, J., Cohen, H.J., Melamed, J., Rosen, F.S., Colten, H.R. N. Engl. J. Med. (1982) [Pubmed]
  15. Antibacterial activity of lysozyme and lactoferrin is inhibited by binding of advanced glycation-modified proteins to a conserved motif. Li, Y.M., Tan, A.X., Vlassara, H. Nat. Med. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. Antiviral therapy increases the risk of bacterial infections in HCV-infected cirrhotic patients awaiting liver transplantation: A retrospective study. Carrión, J.A., Martínez-Bauer, E., Crespo, G., Ramírez, S., Pérez-del-Pulgar, S., García-Valdecasas, J.C., Navasa, M., Forns, X. J. Hepatol. (2009) [Pubmed]
  17. Protection from lethal gram-positive infection by macrophage scavenger receptor-dependent phagocytosis. Thomas, C.A., Li, Y., Kodama, T., Suzuki, H., Silverstein, S.C., El Khoury, J. J. Exp. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  18. Humoral immune responses in CD40 ligand-deficient mice. Renshaw, B.R., Fanslow, W.C., Armitage, R.J., Campbell, K.A., Liggitt, D., Wright, B., Davison, B.L., Maliszewski, C.R. J. Exp. Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
  19. Interleukin 12-dependent interferon gamma production by CD8alpha+ lymphoid dendritic cells. Ohteki, T., Fukao, T., Suzue, K., Maki, C., Ito, M., Nakamura, M., Koyasu, S. J. Exp. Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
  20. Norfloxacin prevents bacterial infection in cirrhotics with gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Soriano, G., Guarner, C., Tomás, A., Villanueva, C., Torras, X., González, D., Sainz, S., Anguera, A., Cussó, X., Balanzó, J. Gastroenterology (1992) [Pubmed]
  21. Host defense and inflammatory gene polymorphisms are associated with outcomes after HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplantation. Rocha, V., Franco, R.F., Porcher, R., Bittencourt, H., Silva, W.A., Latouche, A., Devergie, A., Esperou, H., Ribaud, P., Socie, G., Zago, M.A., Gluckman, E. Blood (2002) [Pubmed]
  22. The trophoblast is a component of the innate immune system during pregnancy. Guleria, I., Pollard, J.W. Nat. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  23. TNF/iNOS-producing dendritic cells mediate innate immune defense against bacterial infection. Serbina, N.V., Salazar-Mather, T.P., Biron, C.A., Kuziel, W.A., Pamer, E.G. Immunity (2003) [Pubmed]
  24. Viral and bacterial infections interfere with peripheral tolerance induction and activate CD8+ T cells to cause immunopathology. Ehl, S., Hombach, J., Aichele, P., Rülicke, T., Odermatt, B., Hengartner, H., Zinkernagel, R., Pircher, H. J. Exp. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  25. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor shedding controls thresholds of innate immune activation that balance opposing TNF functions in infectious and inflammatory diseases. Xanthoulea, S., Pasparakis, M., Kousteni, S., Brakebusch, C., Wallach, D., Bauer, J., Lassmann, H., Kollias, G. J. Exp. Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
  26. Stroke-induced immunodeficiency promotes spontaneous bacterial infections and is mediated by sympathetic activation reversal by poststroke T helper cell type 1-like immunostimulation. Prass, K., Meisel, C., Höflich, C., Braun, J., Halle, E., Wolf, T., Ruscher, K., Victorov, I.V., Priller, J., Dirnagl, U., Volk, H.D., Meisel, A. J. Exp. Med. (2003) [Pubmed]
  27. Defective expression of T-cell CD40 ligand causes X-linked immunodeficiency with hyper-IgM. Korthäuer, U., Graf, D., Mages, H.W., Brière, F., Padayachee, M., Malcolm, S., Ugazio, A.G., Notarangelo, L.D., Levinsky, R.J., Kroczek, R.A. Nature (1993) [Pubmed]
  28. Activation of the innate immunity in Drosophila by endogenous chromosomal DNA that escaped apoptotic degradation. Mukae, N., Yokoyama, H., Yokokura, T., Sakoyama, Y., Nagata, S. Genes Dev. (2002) [Pubmed]
  29. Distinct mutations in IRAK-4 confer hyporesponsiveness to lipopolysaccharide and interleukin-1 in a patient with recurrent bacterial infections. Medvedev, A.E., Lentschat, A., Kuhns, D.B., Blanco, J.C., Salkowski, C., Zhang, S., Arditi, M., Gallin, J.I., Vogel, S.N. J. Exp. Med. (2003) [Pubmed]
  30. Toll-like receptors induce a phagocytic gene program through p38. Doyle, S.E., O'Connell, R.M., Miranda, G.A., Vaidya, S.A., Chow, E.K., Liu, P.T., Suzuki, S., Suzuki, N., Modlin, R.L., Yeh, W.C., Lane, T.F., Cheng, G. J. Exp. Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
  31. Secreted lymphotoxin-alpha is essential for the control of an intracellular bacterial infection. Roach, D.R., Briscoe, H., Saunders, B., France, M.P., Riminton, S., Britton, W.J. J. Exp. Med. (2001) [Pubmed]
  32. Biological actions and therapeutic potential of the glucagon-like peptides. Drucker, D.J. Gastroenterology (2002) [Pubmed]
  33. Deficiency of leukocyte surface glycoproteins Mo1, LFA-1, and Leu M5 in a dog with recurrent bacterial infections: an animal model. Giger, U., Boxer, L.A., Simpson, P.J., Lucchesi, B.R., Todd, R.F. Blood (1987) [Pubmed]
  34. Ciprofloxacin versus trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for prophylaxis of bacterial infections in bone marrow transplant recipients: a randomized, controlled trial. Lew, M.A., Kehoe, K., Ritz, J., Antman, K.H., Nadler, L., Kalish, L.A., Finberg, R. J. Clin. Oncol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  35. Infection in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Association with a serum inhibitor of complement-derived chemotactic activity. Perez, H.D., Andron, R.I., Goldstein, I.M. Arthritis Rheum. (1979) [Pubmed]
  36. Ofloxacin versus vancomycin/polymyxin for prevention of infections in granulocytopenic patients. Winston, D.J., Ho, W.G., Bruckner, D.A., Gale, R.P., Champlin, R.E. Am. J. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
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