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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of a novel phosphorylation site in protein phosphatase inhibitor-1 as a negative regulator of cardiac function.

Human and experimental heart failure is characterized by increases in type-1 protein phosphatase activity, which may be partially attributed to inactivation of its endogenous regulator, protein phosphatase inhibitor-1. Inhibitor-1 represents a nodal integrator of two major second messenger pathways, adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and calcium, which mediate its phosphorylation at threonine 35 and serine 67, respectively. Here, using recombinant inhibitor-1 wild-type and mutated proteins, we identified a novel phosphorylation site in inhibitor-1, threonine 75. This phosphoamino acid was phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase Calpha independently and to the same extent as serine 67, the previous protein kinase Calpha-identified site. Generation of specific antibodies for the phosphorylated and dephosphorylated threonine 75 revealed that this site is phosphorylated in rat and dog hearts. Adenoviral-mediated expression of the constitutively phosphorylated threonine 75 inhibitor-1 in isolated myocytes was associated with specific stimulation of type-1 protein phosphatase activity and marked inhibition of the sarcoplasmic calcium pump affinity for calcium, resulting in depressed contractility. Thus, phosphorylation of inhibitor-1 at threonine 75 represents a new mechanism of cardiac contractility regulation, partially through the alteration of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium transport activity.[1]


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