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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protection from chlordecone-amplified carbon tetrachloride toxicity by cyanidanol: regeneration studies.

Previous work has shown that chlordecone (CD)-amplified CCl4 hepatotoxicity and lethality can be mitigated by pretreatment with cyanidanol. These studies also revealed that stimulated hepatocellular regeneration might play an important role in the cyanidanol protection of CD-amplified CCl4 toxicity. The present studies conducted over a time course of 0 to 120 hr after CCl4 challenge describe sequential changes in hepatic [3H]thymidine incorporation into hepatocellular nuclear DNA, polyamines and related enzymes, and histomorphometry of liver sections from variously treated rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (125-150 g) were maintained on a control diet or on a diet contaminated with CD (10 ppm) for 15 days and/or pretreated with cyanidanol (250 mg/kg, ip) at 48, 24, and 2 hr before a single ip injection of either a standard protocol dose (100 microliters/kg) or a low dose (50 microliters/kg, L) of CCl4 on Day 16 of the dietary protocol. Cyanidanol pretreatment significantly stimulated the hepatic [3H]thymidine incorporation into hepatocellular nuclear DNA of control rats irrespective of CD pretreatment. Similarly, polyamine metabolism was altered favorably for cell division, although mitotic index (metaphase) was not increased. Cyanidanol-stimulated [3H]thymidine incorporation was highly suppressed in rats receiving the CD + CCl4 standard dose combination treatment up to 36 hr, but after this time point a marked increase was observed. Hepatocellular regeneration, quantified histomorphometrically as volume density of cells in metaphase, was progressively increased in rats protected from CD + CCl4 interaction by cyanidanol, starting at 36 hr and lasting until 72 hr. Favorably altered polyamine metabolism was evident from the stimulated ornithine decarboxylase, as well as from the stimulated interconversion of the higher polyamines to maintain increased concentration of putrescine. Challenge by the same dose of CCl4 (100 microliters/kg) to CD-pretreated rats not protected by cyanidanol failed to cause any increase in [3H]thymidine incorporation up to 36 hr and resulted in animal death starting at 36 hr. In the surviving rats, [3H]thymidine incorporation at 48 hr was increased, but was less than 50% of the increase observed in the cyanidanol group. In these rats, attenuation in the stimulation of cell division and insufficiently increased putrescine levels were observed, which are consistent with the inadequate level of hepatocellular regeneration. With rats receiving CD + CCl4(L) combination, the [3H]thymidine incorporation at 48 hr was less than 50% of the increase of cyanidanol-protected rats. Cyanidanol pretreatment to the CD + CCl4 group of rats prevented the decrease in the hepatic DNA levels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


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