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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bone marrow-derived fibroblast precursors mediate ischemic cardiomyopathy in mice.

We previously described a mouse model of fibrotic ischemia/reperfusion cardiomyopathy (I/RC) arising from daily, brief coronary occlusion. One characteristic of I/RC was the prolonged elevation of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), which was obligate to its phenotype and may contribute to the uptake of bloodborne cells. Here we describe in I/RC hearts a population of small spindle-shaped fibroblasts that were highly proliferative and expressed collagen I and alpha-smooth muscle actin (myofibroblast markers), CD34 (a precursor marker), and CD45 (a hematopoietic marker). These cells represented 3% of all nonmyocyte live cells. To confirm the cells' bone marrow origin, chimeric mice were created by the rescue of irradiated C57BL/6 mice with marrow from ROSA26, a congenic line expressing lacZ. I/RC resulted in a large population of spindle-shaped fibroblasts containing lacZ. We postulated that the fibroblast precursors represented a developmental path for a subset of monocytes, whose phenotype we have shown to be influenced by serum amyloid P (SAP). Thus, we administered SAP in vivo, which markedly reduced the number of proliferative spindle-shaped fibroblasts and completely prevented I/RC-induced fibrosis and global ventricular dysfunction. By contrast, SAP did not suppress the inflammation or chemokine expression seen in I/RC. SAP, a member of the pentraxin family, binds to Fcgamma receptors and modifies the pathophysiological function of monocytes. Our data suggest that SAP interferes with assumption of a fibroblast phenotype in a subset of monocytes and that SAP may be an important regulator in the linkage between inflammation and nonadaptive fibrosis in the heart.[1]


  1. Bone marrow-derived fibroblast precursors mediate ischemic cardiomyopathy in mice. Haudek, S.B., Xia, Y., Huebener, P., Lee, J.M., Carlson, S., Crawford, J.R., Pilling, D., Gomer, R.H., Trial, J., Frangogiannis, N.G., Entman, M.L. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2006) [Pubmed]
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