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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects on primary haemostasis of an anti-inflammatory agent with 5-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase inhibitory activity.

OBJECTIVE: Licofelone ([2,2-dimethyl-6-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolizine-5-yl]-acetic acid) has been demonstrated to inhibit cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, COX-2, and 5-lipoxygenase. The aim of this study was to investigate the in-vitro effects of licofelone on platelet function. Effects observed were compared with those produced by the classic COX-1 inhibitor aspirin (ASA). METHODS: Platelet aggregation was assessed by a turbidimetric method. Platelet haemostatic performance was studied with the platelet function analyser (PFA-100), using collagen epinephrine and collagen ADP cartridges. Interaction of platelets with thrombogenic surfaces was analysed by perfusion experiments performed under flow conditions using both parallel and annular chambers. RESULTS: Licofelone prolonged the lag time of platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid and reduced maximal platelet aggregation induced by ADP or collagen. Studies using PFA-100 demonstrated that licofelone (0.1, 1 and 10 muM) significantly prolonged closure times (P < 0.05) with both types of cartridges. In studies with the parallel chamber exposing purified collagen, both licofelone and ASA significantly reduced (P < 0.05) overall platelet interaction with the thrombogenic surface. In studies performed in annular chamber exposing a highly thrombogenic vessel surface, licofelone reduced height and area of the platelet masses deposited (7.0 +/- 0.5 mum; P < 0.005 and 80.2 +/- 17.3 mum; P < 0.05 vs. control 10.6 +/- 0.9 mum and 194.8 +/- 44.7 mum, respectively). ASA also impaired thrombus formation but differences did not reach the levels of statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Under our experimental in-vitro conditions, licofelone interfered with platelet function as demonstrated by a diminished platelet aggregation, being more powerful than ASA and reducing the interaction of platelets with thrombogenic surfaces.[1]


  1. Effects on primary haemostasis of an anti-inflammatory agent with 5-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase inhibitory activity. Hernandez, M.R., Tonda, R., Pedre??o, J., Salas, E., Arderiu, G., Pino, M., Serradell, M., Escolar, G. Journal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.) (2006) [Pubmed]
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