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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Dissecting the signaling pathway of nicotine-mediated neuroprotection in a mouse Alzheimer disease model.

Nicotine has a therapeutic benefit in treating Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present study we show that nicotine decreases accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in the cortex and hippocampus of APP (V717I) transgenic mice. Nicotine prevents activation of NF-kappaB and c-Myc by inhibiting the activation of MAP kinases (MAPKs). As a result, the activity of inducible NOS and the production of NO are down-regulated. RNA interference experiments show that the above nicotine-mediated process requires alpha7 nAChR. Nicotine decreases Abeta via the activation of alpha7nAChRs through MAPK, NF-kappaB, and c-myc pathways. Nicotine also inhibits apoptosis and cell cycle progression in this mouse line. The dissected signaling pathway of nicotine-mediated neuroprotection in the present study provides a mechanistic basis for the potential development of drug targets for treating AD.[1]

References

  1. Dissecting the signaling pathway of nicotine-mediated neuroprotection in a mouse Alzheimer disease model. Liu, Q., Zhang, J., Zhu, H., Qin, C., Chen, Q., Zhao, B. FASEB J. (2007) [Pubmed]
 
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