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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of genes related to the extracellular matrix in human endothelial cells. Differential modulation by elevated glucose concentrations, phorbol esters, and cAMP.

To identify agents and mechanisms responsible for the thickened basement membranes characteristic of diabetic angiopathy we examined the effects of high glucose (30 mM) on the expression of genes related to extracellular matrix composition and turnover and investigated whether the changes induced by high glucose were mimicked and sustained by activation of protein kinase C or A. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells high glucose increased fibronectin, collagen IV, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), and plasminogen activator-inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) mRNA levels 2-fold but did not affect type IV and interstitial collagenase expression. Acute treatment with phorbol esters resulted in increased collagen IV, tPA, PAI-1, and interstitial collagenase mRNAs; the type IV collagenase mRNA levels were instead suppressed to 50% of control. Upon longer exposure to phorbol esters (48 h) suppression of fibronectin and PAI-1 mRNAs also occurred. Intracellular elevation of cAMP led to over-expression of fibronectin and type IV collagenase and potentiated the effects of phorbol esters on collagen IV, tPA, and interstitial collagenase expression. The mRNA changes induced by high glucose occurred in the absence of protein kinase C activation or cAMP elevation. These studies indicate that events other than activation of protein kinase C or A bridge high ambient glucose to changes in endothelial cell gene expression that may contribute to diabetic angiopathy.[1]


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