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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Correlation of four vascular specific growth factors with carcinogenesis and portal vein tumor thrombus formation in human hepatocellular carcinoma.

The aim of the present study was to detect the correlation between the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin 2 (Ang2), ephrinB2 and endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor (EG-VEGF) and carcinogenesis or portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) formation in human hepatocellular carcinoma ( HCC). The expression of VEGF, Ang2, ephrinB2 and EG-VEGF was detected by RT-PCR in 54 cases HCC without PVTT (group A), 9 cases HCC with PVTT (group B), 10 normal liver tissues (group D) and 10 cirrhosis tissues (group C). The samples were also stained with CD34 by immunohistochemistry. Quantitation of microvessel density (MVD) and semi-quantitation of VEGF, Ang2, ephrinB2 and EG-VEGF expression were analyzed to find the relations. The MVD was 146.69 +/- 77.79, 214.07 +/- 54.41, 32.85 +/- 8.49 and 34.83 +/- 8.29 in group A-D respectively with significant difference (F = 19.77, P = 0.000). The MVD in group A was higher than that in group C P = 0.006, but lower than that in group B P < or = 0.05 or 0.01. The expression levels of VEGF165, VEGF189, Ang2 and EG-VEGF mRNA were significantly different among the groups. The expression levels of VEGF165, Ang2 and EG-VEGF mRNA in group A were all higher than those in group C, but lower than those in group B P < 0.05 or 0.01. The MVD was significantly correlated with VEGF165, VEGF189, Ang2 and EG-VEGF mRNA with Spearman's related coefficient being 0.764, 0.510, 0.640 and 0.366 in HCC (P = 0.000, 0.000 0.000 and 0.003). In conclusion VEGF, Ang2 and EG-VEGF mRNA may play a role in angiogenesis and carcinogenesis of HCC. They can promote PVTT formation in HCC by modulating angiogenesis.[1]


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