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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ameloblastin expression during craniofacial bone formation in rats.

Based on previous results showing the expression of ameloblastin (Ambn; amelin) in the formation of mesenchymal dental hard tissues, we investigated its presence during bone development. Immunohistochemistry (IHC), in situ hybridization ( ISH), and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to investigate the expression of ameloblastin protein and mRNA during craniofacial development in rats. Tissue samples were collected on embryonic day 18 and from days 2-28 postnatally. IHC revealed the expression of ameloblastin during bone formation at embryonic and early postnatal stages with different patterns of expression in intramembranous and endochondral ossification. In intramembranous ossification, ameloblastin expression was detected in the superficial layer of the condensed vascularized primitive connective tissue and in the cellular layer covering the surface of the newly formed woven bone. In endochondral ossification, ameloblastin was expressed within the extracellular matrix of the cartilage templates and in the perichondrium. Between days 2 and 28 the expression decreased markedly, concordant with the maturation of the bone, and disappeared after completion of bone remodeling. The results obtained by IHC were confirmed by ISH and RT-PCR, showing the expression of ameloblastin mRNA during craniofacial bone formation. This study indicates the expression of the putative dental protein ameloblastin during craniofacial bone development in rats.[1]


  1. Ameloblastin expression during craniofacial bone formation in rats. Spahr, A., Lyngstadaas, S.P., Slaby, I., Pezeshki, G. Eur. J. Oral Sci. (2006) [Pubmed]
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