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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the solubilized charybdotoxin receptor from bovine aortic smooth muscle.

Monoiodotyrosine ([125I]ChTX) binds with high affinity to a single class of receptors present in bovine aortic smooth muscle sarcolemmal membranes that are functionally associated with the high-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel [maxi-K channel; Vázquez, J., et al. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 20902-20909]. Cross-linking experiments carried out with this preparation in the presence of [125I]ChTX and disuccinimidyl suberate indicate specific incorporation of radioactivity into a protein of Mr 35,000. The smooth muscle ChTX receptor can be solubilized in active form in the presence of selected detergents. Treatment of membranes with digitonin releases about 50% of the ChTX binding sites. The solubilized receptor retains the same biochemical and pharmacological properties that are characteristic of toxin interaction with membrane-bound receptors. The solubilized receptor binds specifically to wheat germ agglutinin-Sepharose resin, suggesting that it is a glycoprotein. Functional ChTX binding sites can also be solubilized in 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylamino]-1-propanesulfonate (CHAPS). Sucrose density gradient centrifugation of either digitonin or CHAPS extracts indicates that the ChTX receptor has a high apparent sedimentation coefficient (s20,w = 23 and 18 S, respectively). Cross-linking experiments indicate that the appearance of the 35-kDa membrane protein correlates with ChTX binding activity after both wheat germ agglutinin-Sepharose and sucrose density gradient centrifugation steps. Given the high apparent sedimentation coefficient of the ChTX receptor, the 35-kDa membrane protein may be a subunit of a higher molecular weight complex which forms the maxi-K channel in smooth muscle sarcolemma.[1]


  1. Characterization of the solubilized charybdotoxin receptor from bovine aortic smooth muscle. Garcia-Calvo, M., Vázquez, J., Smith, M., Kaczorowski, G.J., Garcia, M.L. Biochemistry (1991) [Pubmed]
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